Unrecognized countries are territories that have achieved de facto independence, yet have failed to gain international recognition as independent states.
A number of entities have declared independence and sought diplomatic recognition from the international community as de jure sovereign states, but have not been universally recognized as such.
Many of these territories are 'frozen conflicts' and have been left in an 'unrecognized state' as a result.
These entities often have de facto control of their territory, a government, a military and a legal system. A number of such entities exist today and operate as functioning states.
Examples of Unrecognized Countries are Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh), Transnistria and Somaliland.