Somaliland, a former British Protectorate, achieved its independence on 26th June 1960. Somaliland united with the former Italian colony of Somalia on 1st July 1960 to form the Republic of Somalia. Somaliland became autonomous from the rest of Somalia, based on the original colonial boundaries, and restored a democratic rule on 18th May 1991 after the civil war.
The Somaliland state was established following a series of negotiation and reconciliation meetings involving representatives of different clans (congress of elders) held from 27th April-18th May 1991 in Burao, Somaliland.
Constitutionally, Somaliland has a multi-party system of democracy, with an elected president and local council. Since 1991, the country has held 5 democratic elections, and has already established monetary as well as national policies to guide its operations.
Somaliland is located at the horn of Africa between latitudes 80 and 11030' North and longitudes 430 and 49030' East. It borders the Gulf of Aden to the north, Somalia to the east, Ethiopia to the south, and Djibouti to the northwest. It has an estimated area of 137,600 Km2 with a coastline of 850 Km.