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Universities in Unrecognized Countries


By: Maria-Madalina Aldea



This article presents some of the most important universities in the unrecognized countries of Somaliland, Transnistria, Abkhazia and the autonomous region of Gagauzia.


Somaliland


1) University of Hargeisa


World rank: 10780



The University of Hargeisa is a public university located in Hargeisa, the capital of Somaliland. The institution was founded in 2000.


2) Amoud University


World rank: 11422




Established in 1998, Jaamacadda Camuud (Amoud University) is a non-profit public higher education institution located in the urban setting of the small city of Borama (population range of 250,000-499,999 inhabitants), Awdal.


This institution also has a branch in Hargeisa, the capital of Somaliland.


Officially accredited and recognized by the Ministry of Education, the Republic of Somaliland, Jaamacadda Camuud (AU) is a medium-sized (uniRank enrollment range: 6,000-6,999 students) coeducational higher education institution.


Jaamacadda Camuud (AU) offers courses and programs in higher education degrees in several areas of study.


This 21 year old institution has a generally lax selective admission policy based on entrance examinations and students' past academic record and grades.


The admission rate range is 80-90% making this the least selective institution in the country. International applicants are eligible to apply for enrolment.


3) Burao University


World rank: 11761




Founded in 2004, Jaamacada Burco (University of Burao) is a non-profit public higher education institution located in the suburban setting of the small city of Burao (population range of 250,000-499,999 inhabitants), Togdheer.


Officially accredited and recognized by the Minister of Education, Culture and Higher Education, Somalia, Jaamacada Burco (UB) is a coeducational higher education institution.


Jaamacada Burco (UB) also offers courses and programs in higher education degrees in several areas of study.


4) Gollis University


World rank: 12496




Founded in 2004, Jaamacada Golis (Gollis University) is a private higher education institution located in the city of Hargeisa.


Officially accredited and/or recognized by the Ministry of Education, Republic of Somaliland, Jaamacada Golis (GU) is a small (uniRank enrollment range: 4,000-4,999 students) coeducational higher education institution formally affiliated with the Islamic religion.


Jaamacada Golis (GU) offers courses and programs leading to higher education degrees such as bachelor degrees, master degrees in several areas of study.


This 15 year old institution has a selective admission policy based on students' past academic record and grades.


The admission rate range is 70-80% making this a somewhat selective institution. International students are welcome to apply for enrolment.


Abkhazia


1) Abkhazian State University


World rank: 12582




The Abkhazian State University is the only university in Abkhazia. It was founded in 1979 on the basis of the Sukhumi Pedagogical Institute. 


Its first rector was Zurab Anchabadze. The university is composed by the departments of physics and mathematics, biology and geography, history, philology, economics, law, pedagogy and agro-engineering departments.


The first college in Abkhazia, Sukhumi Agro-pedagogical Institute was founded in 1932 and transformed into Maxim Gorky Pedagogical Institute the following year.


Following the rallies and street demonstrations in 1978 it was transformed into Abkhazian State University with Abkhaz, Georgian and Russian sectors. 


In 1989 Georgian students demanded that the Georgian sector be transformed into a branch of the Tbilisi State University. This was opposed by the Abkhaz and eventually led to clashes in the city.


Nagorno-Karabakh (Artsakh)


1) Artsakh University


World rank: 11839




Founded in 1992, Artsakh State University is a non-profit public higher education institution located in the city of Stepanakert, the Republic of Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh).


Officially accredited and recognized by the Ministry of Education, Science and Sport of the Republic of Artsakh, Artsakh State University (ASU) is a coeducational higher education institution.


Artsakh State University (ASU) offers courses and programs leading to higher education degrees in several areas of study.


Transnistria


1) Taras Shevchenko Transnistria State University


World rank: 11283




Taras Shevchenko Transnistria State University is the main university located in Tiraspol, the capital of Transnistria.


The original university in Tiraspol was founded in 1930 as the Institute of public education in the Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, then being a constituent part of the Ukrainian SSR.


Honouring the Ukrainian poet and painter Taras Shevchenko it was renamed during his 125th anniversary celebration in 1939.


In July 1992, the university was officially moved to Chișinău, where it continues to function under the name of Universitatea de Stat din Tiraspol (UST).


Thus the university was split in two, both claiming to be the original university founded in 1930. The TSTSU consists of 12 buildings. One being in Moldova, and the other in Transnistria.


It offers internationally accredited courses in partnerships with universities in Russia. Students can study both internally and in absentia. Not only citizens of Transnistria can study there but also people from abroad.


The university has 14 faculties and 84 chairs, offering 54 different majors. Attendance is given at between 10,000 and 15,000 students per year and classes are taught in three languages: Russian, Moldovan (Romanian) and Ukrainian.


The university employs over 1,000 teaching staff including 36 Doctors and 220 Masters of Science. Among its publications, the Atlas of Pridnestrovie is often used as a source for data, specialized maps and statistics on Transnistria.


Gagauzia


1) The Comrat State University


World rank: 10768




Although not an unrecognized country anymore, the Comrat State University is the main university in the autonomous region of Gagauzia.


It is the successor of the Gagauz National University, founded on 11 February 1991, by the decision of the Russian Education Foundation and the Executive Committee of Comrat Regional Council of Deputies.


In 2002, it became a state university, by the Resolution of the Government of Moldova.


The university has 4 faculties: National Culture Faculty, Economic Faculty, Law Faculty and Agricultural-Technological Faculty.


In total there are 17 departments in the University providing training on 38 specialties, which meet the demands of region. There are as well two scientific centers, an Agro-ecological center, and a center of informational technology.


The university’s distinctive objectives is meeting the needs of the Republic of Moldova and the autonomous region of Gagauzia, especially in highly skilled professionals.


All the students learn the Gagauz language, the official language of Gagauzia, although almost all classes are taught in the Russian language.


Classes on the “Gagauz language and literature” are taught in Gagauz; additionally, the course papers and final thesis papers are written in this language.


The CSU organizes scientific conferences; the annual scientific conferences devoted to anniversaries of the university take place in January–February of each year. The Moldovan-Russian symposium is also of a special significance.


Doctorate studies are available in the fields of Gagauz Philology, Economics and Management at the University. The university contains 6 language and culture centers of a number of foreign countries.


These have been created with the assistance of the German, UK, US, Turkish, Azerbaijani and Greek Embassies in Moldova.


The university maintains wide international relations with the Balkan Universities Network and other Higher Education Institutions from Turkey, Bulgaria, Russia, Germany and China, that provide the possibility of student and teaching staff exchange for the improvement of educational and scientific work.



References


World University Rankings 2019. Retrieved on 11th November, 2019 at: https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/2019/world-ranking.


QS World University Ranking. Retrieved on 11th November, 2019 at: https://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/world-university-rankings/2020.


Stoianova, A. (2012): National Minorities Education in Moldova: the Legal Framework and Practice. Retrieved on 11th November, 2019 at http://www.linguapax.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/CMPL2002_T3_Stoianova.pdf


Eno, M (2015): “The Revival of Higher Education in Somalia” in Journal of Somali Studies, vol. 2, No. 1 & 2. Retrieved on 11th November, 2019 at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/303128807_The_Revival_of_Higher_Education_in_Somalia.


Popescu, N. and Litra, L. (2015): Policy Brief. Transnistria: a Bottom-up Solution. Retrieved on 11th November, 2019 at: https://www.files.ethz.ch/isn/173479/ECFR63_Transnistria_Brief_AW.pdf



#Abkhazia #Artsakh #NagornoKarabakh #Somaliland #Gagzuazia

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