By: The PH Team
Somaliland is an unrecognized country in the Horn of Africa, internationally recognized as part of Somalia. Although Somalia is considered one entity by the international community - it is far from it.
Somalia is in fact, three separate units; Somalia, Puntland and Somaliland. Where Puntland is an autonomous region within Somalia, Somaliland operates entirely independently from Mogadishu.
Somaliland declared independence in 1991, during the Somali Civil War. Previous to the unification of the country, Somaliland used to be under British control and known as British Somaliland, Somali on the other hand was under Italian control and known as Italian Somalia.
The flag of Somaliland is the official flag of the Republic of Somaliland. The official flag of Somaliland contains the colors green, white and red, with a black star located in the centre.
On the green stripe, there is the Sunni Shahada in white script, emphasising the Islamic nature of the State.
Although the colors of the flag of Somaliland are officially green, white and red, other incorrect versions have been used quite commonly, with a clear orange color at the bottom instead of the official red.
Another variation is the orientation of the star. Somaliland flags seen in public often have the star pointing the opposite direction from other flags, this upside-down star version is used quite widely, but is not in-line with the official flag of the unrecognized country.
In addition, Somaliland flags are officially a 2:1 size ratio. This official ratio is based on the official ratio of the Union Flag of the United Kingdom, the former colonial power of Somaliland, at the time British Somaliland.
In addition, in many videos and ceremonies shortly after independence, Somalilanders were seen hoisting similar European flags, such as that of Italy, since the official flag of Somaliland was not yet officially adopted until 1996.