Updated: Feb 9, 2020
By: The PH Team
Nagorno-Karabakh, officially the Republic of Artsakh, is an unrecognized country in the South Caucasus region.
Once part of the Soviet Union, the region erupted into ethnic conflict during the dissolution of the former world superpower.
Ethnic Armenians and ethnic Azeris each wanted the mountainous region to become part of their new independent States - Armenia and Azerbaijan respectively.
The Nagorno-Karabakh War ended in favor of ethnic Armenians who still hold the region to this day. However, the region did not become part of Armenia, rather it claimed independence and has remained unrecognized until today - including by its big brother Armenia.
The country does in fact remain internationally recognized as part of neighbouring Azerbaijan and is the focal point of the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan.
The current flag is the flag of the Republic of Artsakh. Although the region is often referred to as Nagorno-Karabakh, the unrecognized country changed its name from the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR) to the historical Armenian name, the Republic of Artsakh in 2006.
On June 2, 1992, the unrecognized Republic of Artsakh adopted a flag derived from the flag of Armenia, with a white pattern added representing the region of Nagorno-Karabakh (Artsakh).
A white, five-toothed, stepped pattern was added to the flag of Armenia, beginning at the two verges of the flag's right side and meeting at a point equal to one-third of the distance from that side.
The white pattern symbolizes the current separation of Artsakh from mainland Armenia and its aspiration for eventual union with its proclaimed 'Motherland.'
The similarities of the flag with the Armenian one symbolize the Armenian heritage, culture and population of the area and represents Artsakh as a separated region of Armenia.
The white pattern on the flag is also similar to the designs used on traditional Armenian rugs and is considered a symbol of Armenian national identity.
The ratio of the flag's is 1:2, the same as the Armenian national flag. The flag itself is a continued source of conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan.
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