By: The PH Team
The Caucasus Region
The Caucasus region, although referred to as a single region, it is an extremely divided place, divided both by mountains and by politics.
The Caucasus region primarily encompasses various sovereign post-Soviet States, unrecognized countries and other regions and republics. They include; Russia, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Nagorno-Karabakh (Artsakh), Nakhchivan, Chechnya, Dagestan, North Ossetia, Ingushetia and other Russian republics.
Travelling to the Caucasus region is not always the easiest. As mentioned above, not only is the region divided by the Caucasus Mountains, hence the name of the region, but it is also divided by conflict and as a result - closed borders.
For example, the border between Armenia and Azerbaijan is closed, the border between Nagorno-Karabakh and Azerbaijan is closed, the border between South Ossetia and Georgia is closed, the border between Abkhazia and Georgia is unreliable and often closed without prior notice.
In addition, the vast Caucasus mountain ranges make travel through this diverse and historical region even more difficult, sometimes with only a single road leading in and out of cities, villages, regions and countries.
Besides for closed borders and topographical obstacles, each country generally requires its own Visa, E-Visa, border or entry permit.
As such, most travellers to the North Caucasus region will require a Russian Visa. In addition, travellers may also be required to apply for border permits should they decide to visit the border regions of many of the North Caucasus republics.
Travellers who wish to enter Azerbaijan or Armenia will generally need to apply for an E-Visa - albeit a very simple process. Abkhazia and South Ossetia also require foreign tourists to receive a Visa and an entry permit respectively.