By: The PH Team
Akhmad Kadyrov was the Chief Mufti of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria in the 1990s during and after the First Chechen War.
With the outbreak of the Second Chechen War he switched sides, changing his support in favour of the Russian government. He later became the President of the Chechen Republic and a close associate of decision-makers in Moscow.
On May 9, 2004, he was assassinated by Chechen Islamists. His son, Ramzan Kadyrov, who led his father's militia, became one of his successors in March 2007 as the President of the Chechen Republic.
He has close relations with Russian President, Vladimir Putin, and remains the leader of Chechnya until today.
Akhmad Kadyrov Mosque
The Akhmad Kadyrov Mosque is situated in Grozny, the capital of Chechnya. Known by locals as the "Heart of Chechnya," the mosque is the largest one in Russia and one of the largest in Europe.
It has become the image of a new Chechnya, which underwent a massive modernisation process since the end of the Second Chechen War.
In addition to its grandiosity, the Akhmad Kadyrov Mosque is famous for its architectural beauty.
The walls and the dome are also painted by artisans from Turkey, and contain words from Surat al-Ikhlas ("The Purity of Faith", the 112th Sura of the Qur'an).
The Akhmad Kadyrov Mosque has 36 chandeliers that are modelled after other famous mosques: al-Kubbat Sahra in Jerusalem, Rovzat-Nebevi in Medina, and the Kaaba shrine in Mecca.
With the end of the Second Chechen War in 2009, Grozny and Chechnya as a whole have seen massive federal investment and vast modernisation projects.
Once part of the Soviet Union, the city became a center of the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Oblast, later turning into the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (ASSR).
Despite various changes in the Chechen administrative status, Grozny always remained its capital. Today, it is widely considered one of the most beautiful cities in Russia.